What is Organic farming and why it is necessary

Meaning and Definition of Organic Farming, Benefits of Organic Farming and Why Organic Farming is Necessary

Along with the increasing population, the problem of food supply also remains today. Humans have started using chemical fertilizers, insecticides, herbicides and other chemical medicines on agriculture in order to supply food and get maximum production. Due to which production increases, but these food grains, fruits or vegetables also have a bad effect on human health. And not only do these chemical medicines have a bad effect on the environment, but the soil has also started losing its fertility.
Due to chemical farming, we cannot get good production on one land for a long time, that is why it is very important for us to adopt organic farming today and it is also very important to know about organic farming. Government is also taking many steps to promote organic farming. Bringing up the plan
Today in this article you are going to know what is organic farming or organic farming, what are the benefits of organic farming, why organic farming is necessary, what is the difference between chemical farming and organic farming, what are the problems or limitations of organic farming. And what is the principle of organic farming?

Meaning of organic farming:
You all must be knowing about farming and doing farming too, but do you know about organic farming or do you do organic farming? You all have read that our soil is losing its fertility due to chemical farming, but this is taken care of in organic farming and only organic substances are used to maintain the fertility of the land and to get good production from the land for a long time. Only agriculture is used.
In organic farming, instead of using chemical fertilizers, chemical pesticides, chemical herbicides and other chemical medicines, organic fertilizers – cow dung manure, compost manure, green manure, vermicompost etc. are used and chemical methods are also not used for crop management. By doing this biological methods and cultural methods are used.

Definition of organic farming:

Organic farming is that farming in which the environment and animals are not harmed and the land is used.
Cultivation is done while maintaining the fertility of the soil.

The method of farming in which chemical ingredients are not used or organic ingredients are used with minimal tax is called organic farming.

Organic farming is a holistic system of farm management and food production, based on best environmental and climate sustainability practices, high level of biodiversity, conservation of natural resources, use of high standards of animal welfare and use of natural materials and processes. To meet the demands of the increasing number of consumers for products manufactured from

Benefits of organic farming:

Compared to chemical farming, results are not faster in organic farming, but if organic farming is done properly, better results can be seen than normal farming and there are many factors which are as follows –

  • The biggest advantage of organic farming is that it increases soil fertility.
  • There is a high demand for organic products in the market, due to which the income of the farmers increases.
  • Due to non-use of chemical fertilizers and chemical medicines in organic farming, there is a reduction in the cost of the farmers.
  • Organic fertilizers are used in organic farming, which are mainly made from wastes, that is why the wastes expelled from the houses are disposed of and put to good use.
  • Organically produced fruits and vegetables have high nutrition and quality and no toxicity is found in the foods obtained from organic farming, hence it is also beneficial for our health.
  • There is no harm to the environment or our soil in organic farming, that is why organic farming is called natural farming or eco-friendly farming.
  • The use of organic fertilizers improves the quality of the soil and increases the water holding capacity of the soil.
  • Organic farming can give equal or more production as compared to chemical farming, therefore, along with increasing the fertility of soil, organic farming also increases the productivity of the farmers.
  • Ground water level increases.
  • There is no environmental pollution of any kind in organic farming.

Why do organic farming? Why organic farming is necessary:

In modern times, keeping in mind the human health, environmental pollution, degradation of soil fertility, reduction in the quality of crops and other such factors, organic farming is essential.

For soil fertility –

Along with the increasing population, the supply of food is also necessary, but it is more important to keep the land fertile for a long time so that our new generation can also get the same production from this land and this is possible only through organic farming.

for environmental protection
In today’s era, environmental pollution is increasing day by day. The top initiative to reduce environmental pollution can be that instead of chemical farming, we should move towards organic farming so that the pollution caused by harmful chemicals can be reduced.

for health
Nowadays everyone needs quality nutritious food, because today everyone is worried about their health, that’s why the demand for organic products is also high and this demand is increasing, that’s why organic farming can be a golden opportunity for farmers to increase their income.

To reduce the cost of farmers
chemical fertilizers in organic farmingHerbicides, chemical insecticides are not used. Due to this, the dependence on chemical fertilizers and medicines is reduced, due to which the additional cost of the farmers is also reduced.

Principles of organic farming:

According to the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements, the following are the principles of organic farming
Organic farming must be based on the systems and cycles of the living environment, it must work with them, imitate them and help maintain them.
Organic farming should maintain and improve the health of soil, plants, animals and humans in another inseparable form.
Organic farming should be based on relationships that ensure equity with respect to the environment and life processes.
Organic farming must be managed carefully and responsibly to safeguard the health and well-being of present and future generations and the environment.

Limitations of organic farming:

You have already read above what are the benefits of organic farming, but there are some limitations of organic farming, which can act as a hindrance on the desire of some farmers to do organic farming or organic farming, but this obstacle is very These are small which farmers can easily cope with.

  • Production can be less in organic farming, while using chemical fertilizers or medicines, there is more increase in production.
  • In today’s time, it is not possible for a small farmer to depend completely on organic farming, it can also be harmful.
  • Lack of awareness for organic farming.
  • Farmers lack technical knowledge and information to prepare organic fertilizers.
  • Quality production of organic farming is achieved, but the production can be less, due to which it is impossible to meet the food requirement of the growing population only by organic farming.
  • It is difficult to market all the necessary dressing elements for the crops by completing them on time only with the help of organic fertilizers.

FAQ Questions and Answers :

  1. What is organic farming?
    Answer – Organic farming or Organic Farming is such a method of farming in which chemical fertilizers are used. Chemical insecticides, herbicides are not used, they are minimized when necessary.
  2. Which fertilizers are used in organic farming?
    Answer – Organic fertilizers or compost fertilizers such as cow dung manure, vermicompost, green manure, bacterial fertilizers etc. are used in organic farming.
  3. How to do organic farming?
    Answer – In organic farming, organic ingredients like compost, green manure, cow dung, earthworm manure, organic manure etc. are used in farming and chemical fertilizers or other chemical medicines are not used, thus organic farming is done.
  4. Why is there a need for organic farming?
    Answer – Organic farming is necessary to save and increase the fertility of the land, to reduce environmental pollution, for human health and to increase the income of the farmers.
  5. .who is the father of organic farming? Answer – botanist sir albert howard
  6. Who is called the father of organic farming? Answer – Albert Howard is called the father of organic farming.

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